Joint NGO Open Letter of Concern to Governments on Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide Against Uyghurs in China

Joint NGO Open Letter of Concern to Governments on Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide Against Uyghurs in China

15 September 2020

We, the undersigned human rights and genocide prevention organizations, and individual practitioners, are deeply concerned over mounting evidence that Chinese government policies targeting Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslim-majority peoples in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China strongly suggests that crimes against humanity and genocide are taking place.

The international community has the responsibility to respond to these crimes and protect Uyghurs and other Turkic peoples through diplomatic, humanitarian and other peaceful means. The atrocities being perpetrated are no less egregious if they are found to constitute one international crime or another.

Under the guise of curbing religious and political extremism, the Chinese government has intensified widespread and systematic policies to repress Uyghurs and other Turkic peoples on the basis of their religious and ethnic identities. The atrocities include arbitrary detention of between 1 and 1.8 million people in internment camps, a widespread program of political indoctrination, enforced disappearances, destruction of cultural sites, forced labour, disproportionate rates of prison incarceration, and coercive birth prevention campaigns and policies.

UN human rights experts have raised serious concerns about “increasing practices of arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance, absence of judicial oversight and procedural safeguards within an increasingly securitized environment, particularly for designated minorities, notably Uyghurs” and that “these centers, due to their coercive character, amount to detention centers.”

Observers have referred to “a notable trend of enforced disappearances of Uyghurs,” the widespread destruction of Uyghur mosques, graveyards and other cultural sites, and the subjection of at least 80,000 Uyghurs to conditions that strongly indicate forced labour since 2017.

Most recently, reports have documented Chinese government policies intending to reduce birth rates among Uyghurs including involuntary abortions and sterilizations. In 2018, 80 percent of all IUD placements in China were performed on women in the Uyghur Region, despite the region making up only about 1.8 percent of China’s total population. The forced separation of an unknown number of Uyghur children from their parents has also been documented by human rights groups since 2018.

These measures meet the threshold of acts constitutive of genocide, core international crimes under the Genocide Convention, which prohibits “imposing measures intended to prevent births” among an ethnic or religious group. We also believe that the Chinese government may be perpetrating the following acts prohibited under the Genocide Convention: causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group, deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, and forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

These measures are also consistent with crimes against humanity, an international crime under the Rome Statute, including the persecution against an identifiable group on racial, ethnic, and religious grounds, forced population transfers, enforced disappearances, and deprivation of liberty in violation of international law.

Signatories of this letter urge states to:

  1. Convene a special session at the UN Human Rights Council to appoint a Commission of Inquiry to investigate human rights violations taking place in the Uyghur Region and develop strategies to end these violations.
  2. Implement commitments on atrocity and genocide prevention through bilateral and multilateral diplomacy efforts.
  3. Independently investigate and make appropriate legal determinations regarding the treatment of Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslim-majority peoples in China.

It is our collective responsibility to protect populations from mass atrocities, including crimes against humanity and genocide. We must act now to prevent further atrocities against this long- persecuted group.
Yours sincerely,

  1. Aegis Trust
  2. Asia-Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  3. Atrocity Forecasting Project Coalition for Genocide Response
  4. Cohen Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Keene State College
  5. European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  6. Genocide Alert
  7. Genocide Watch
  8. Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect
  9. Holocaust Memorial Day Trust
  10. Institute for the Study of Genocide
  11. Institute for Genocide and Mass Atrocity Prevention (I-GMAP), Binghamton University
  12. Jacob Blaustein Institute for the Advancement of Human Rights
  13. The Jo Cox Foundation
  14. Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
  15. Raoul Wallenberg Centre for Human Rights
  16. Remembering Srebrenica
  17. René Cassin, the Jewish voice for human rights
  18. Society for Threatened Peoples
  19. Protection Approaches
  20. Uyghur Human Rights Project
  21. Waging Peace
  22. World Without Genocide
  23. Mehnaz M. Afridi, Director, Holocaust, Genocide, and Interfaith Education Center, Manhattan College
  24. Daniel Feierstein, Director, Center for Studies on Genocide, National University of Tres de Febrero
  25. Jocelyn Getgen, Director, Benjamin B. Ferencz Human Rights and Atrocity Prevention Clinic
  26. Elisa von Joeden-Forgey, Associate Professor, Department of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Keene State College
  27. Zachary D. Kaufman, Associate Professor of Law and Political Science, University of Houston Law Center
  28. Peter McBride, Director, The Cohen Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Keene State College
  29. Christoph Meyer, Professor of European & International Politics, King’s College London
  30. Maxim A. Pensky, Co-Director, Institute for Genocide and Mass Atrocity Prevention, Binghamton University
  31. Nadia M. Rubaii, Co-Director, Institute for Genocide and Mass Atrocity Prevention, Binghamton University
  32. David Simon, Director, Yale Genocide Studies Program
  33. Karen E. Smith, Professor of International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science
  34. Gregory Stanton, President, Genocide Watch
  35. John Sturtz, Associate Professor, Education & Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Keene State College
  36. Ernesto Verdeja, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame
  37. James E. Waller, Cohen Professor of Holocaust & Genocide Studies, Keene State College
  38. Andrew Woolford, Former President, International Association of Genocide Scholars